2019 Automobile Deduction Limits and Expense Benefit Rates for Business
2019 Automobile deduction limits and the prescribed rates for the automobile operating expense benefit that will apply in 2019 are as follows:
- The ceiling on the capital cost of passenger vehicles for capital cost allowance (CCA) purposes will remain at $30,000 (plus applicable federal and provincial sales taxes) for purchases after 2018. This ceiling restricts the cost of a vehicle on which CCA may be claimed for business purposes.
- The limit on deductible leasing costs will remain at $800 per month (plus applicable federal and provincial sales taxes) for leases entered into after 2018. This limit is one of two restrictions on the deduction of automobile lease payments. A separate restriction prorates deductible lease costs where the value of the vehicle exceeds the capital cost ceiling.
- The maximum allowable interest deduction for amounts borrowed to purchase an automobile will remain at $300 per month for loans related to vehicles acquired after 2018.
- The limit on the deduction of tax-exempt allowances paid by employers to employees using their personal vehicle for business purposes for 2019 will be increased to 58 cents per kilometre for the first 5,000 kilometres driven and to 52 cents for each additional kilometre. For Yukon, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut, the tax-exempt allowance is set 4 cents higher, and will also increase to 62 cents for the first 5,000 kilometres driven and to 56 cents for each additional kilometre. The allowance amounts reflect the key cost components of owning and operating an automobile, such as depreciation, financing, insurance, maintenance and fuel costs.
- The general prescribed rate used to determine the taxable benefit relating to the personal portion of automobile operating expenses paid by employers for 2019 will increase to 28 cents per kilometre. For taxpayers employed principally in selling or leasing automobiles, the prescribed rate will increase to 25 cents per kilometre. The amount of the benefit reflects the costs of operating an automobile. The additional benefit of having an employer-provided vehicle available for personal use (i.e., the automobile standby charge, which is not affected by this announcement) is calculated separately and is also included in the employee’s income.